Jehovah and David

The Pharisees took great offense at Jesus’ claims of both being the promised Messiah and the son of God. For a moment they considered that Jesus’ claims were contradictory, for how could the Messiah, who was prophesied to be a descendant of David, also be an exalted being greater than David? But Jesus knew the scriptures better than they did, and he demonstrated how that even David was aware how that the Messiah would be both “the root and the offspring of David” (Rev. 22:16):

“Then, surrounded by the Pharisees, Jesus asked them a question: ‘What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?’
“They replied, ‘He is the son of David.’
“Jesus responded, ‘Then why does David, speaking under the inspiration of the Spirit, call the Messiah “my Lord”? For David said,
The LORD said to my Lord,
Sit in the place of honor at my right hand
until I humble your enemies beneath your feet.”
“Since David called the Messiah “my Lord,” how can the Messiah be his son?’ No one could answer him. And after that, no one dared to ask him any more questions” (Matt. 22:41 – 46, NLT).

Here, Jesus quotes from Psalm 110, which says:

“The LORD says to my lord:
“‘Sit at my right hand
“‘until I make your enemies
“‘a footstool for your feet.’
“The Lord will extend your mighty scepter from Zion, saying,
“‘Rule in the midst of your enemies!’….
“The Lord has sworn
“and will not change his mind:
“‘You are a priest forever,
“‘in the order of Melchizedek'” (Psalm 110:1 – 2, 4, NIV).

Jesus acclaims himself as David’s ‘lord,’ the Messiah, the one who will sit at the right hand of the LORD, who will rule with Zion in the midst of her enemies, and who is an eternal Melchizedek priest. The Hebrew here reads אדֹנִ֗י (a·ḏō·nî “lord, master”). So who speaks these blessings to the Messiah? The verse that Jesus himself quotes says ‘the LORD’ blesses him, so who is the LORD?

In the original Hebrew we find the answer: LORD is יְהוָ֨ה (Yah·weh “Jehovah”), the same man who ate with Abraham and surveyed the streets of Sodom.

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